9.00-9.30 a.m. Welcoming and speeches of partners of the IGF Poland
Krzysztof Szubert, Ministry of Digital Affairs
Anna Streżyńska, Ministry of Digital Affairs
Jean Jacques Sahel, ICANN
Jaromír Novák, Czech Telecommunication Office
Ervin Kajzinger, National Media and Infocommunications Authority, Hungary
9.30-10.45 a.m. Plenary session – How do we use the Internet?
Karolina Marzantowicz, IBM
Aleksandra Przegalińska-Skierkowska, PhD, Kozminski University
Anna Streżyńska, Ministry of Digital Affairs
Ondrej Maly, Digital Agenda Coordinator, Czech Republic
Igor Ostrowski, Dentons
Wojciech Kamieniecki, NASK
Edwin Bendyk will be the discussion moderator.
10.45-11.15 a.m. Coffee break
11.15-12.45 a.m. Three simultaneous thematic sessions
Session 1 – Free Flow of Data. The new path to growth for Polish entrepreneurs
Jolanta Jaworska, IBM
Maciej Sadowski, National Development Council
Piotr Marczuk, Microsoft Poland
Krzysztof Izdebski, ePaństwo Foundation
Marta Poślad, Google Poland
Grzegorz Koloch, PhD, Warsaw School of Economics
Iga Bałos, PhD, Andrzej F. Modrzewski Kraków Academy
Sylwia Czubkowska, from Dziennik Gazeta Prawna daily, will be the discussion moderator.
Except for personal data, EU legislation do not regulate the flow of data between EU Member States. Therefore, currently, each country defines independently legal and administrative barriers, which very often force companies to process and store data in the countries where they operate. The location obligation covers, among others, accounting documents, tax returns or telecommunication data. Observing these events, in September 2017, the European Commission proposed to regulate these issues by presenting a draft Regulation on the free movement of data in the EU. Regardless of the above, a discussion about the restrictions on the freedom to analyse data which may result from copyright is taking place in Europe. The requirements for location within the single market and additional unclear copyright laws hinder development of innovative areas of the European economy, as well as create an unnecessary and costly barrier for businesses. Because of them, companies that operate across borders need to open data centres in individual countries, bear the cost of buying the right service or conclude licensing agreements.
The opinion that the best solution would be to introduce a general rule according to which it is not important where data is stored but whether the way it is collected, stored and processed meets certain security standards can be heard in Brussels. In addition, it has been suggested that the principle according to which data mining is not subject to the copyright regime should be introduced. Raw data (except for database protected by the sui generis right) does not constitute a “work” within the meaning of copyright and its processing is not a form of exploitation.
The purpose of the session will be also to discuss how this initiative will affect Polish entrepreneurs. Open data flow means not only a larger market but also stronger competition. Therefore, during the session we will try to show good practices related to the ways in which Polish Internet business will be able to take advantage of this opportunity.
The American Chamber of Commerce in Poland is the organiser of the session.
Session 2 – Blocking websites: lessons learnt and recommendations based on Polish experience
Andrzej Karpiński, Orange Poland
Adam Haertle, Zaufana Trzecia Strona
Piotr Januszewicz, Ministry of Digital Affairs
Zdeněk Kučera, Kinstellar
Katarzyna Szymielewicz from the Panoptykon Foundation will be the discussion moderator.
The anti-terrorism Act and the gambling Act introduced mechanisms which allow blocking websites on the Internet. The District Court in Warsaw may, at the request of the Head of the Internal Security Agency, order the blocking of “IT data relating to a terrorist event.” In turn, the Minister of Finance arbitrarily decides on entering websites which offer gambling contrary to the rules. Entry into the register obliges Internet providers to prevent access to their content. The decision of the Ministry of Finance can be appealed against to the court.
After a few (several) months of implementation of these solutions, we can now look back and evaluate their effectiveness and the risks involved. Such discussions may help to gather evidence and arguments supporting the improvement of existing or the creation of better legal solutions in the future.
At this point, it seems particularly urgent and necessary because of further regulatory proposals that block websites or applications: the Polish Financial Supervision Authority wants to block websites of entities included in public warnings, and the Ministry of Infrastructure – block “computer programmes, telephone numbers, mobile applications, ICT platforms or other means of communication” used to order transport by entities not licensed to carry passengers (e.g. Uber).
The Panoptykon Foundation is the organiser of the session.
Session 3 – 5G networks
Jaromír Novák, Czech Telecommunication Office
Ervin Kajzinger, National Media and Infocommunications Authority, Hungary
Michał Połzun, Ministry of Digital Affairs
Martin Mellor, Ericsson Poland
Tomasz Mrozowski, P4
Cezary Albrecht, T-Mobile Poland
Jerzy Żurek, PhD, form the National Institute of Telecommunications, will be the discussion moderator.
The following issues will be addressed during the session:
- the challenge of adoption of 5G on mobile devices – is it just about applications?
- new challenges for security in 5G. Privacy on the Internet of Everything.
- geo-location as an inherent feature of 5G: potential and threats
- electromagnetic field measurements in 5G hotspots and health
- frequency allocation: regulatory actions, cross-border coordination
- investments and revenues: how to ensure a fair and wide deployment of 5G
- market justice: how minnows can guarantee access to the 5G market for themselves?
- control activities awaiting the flood of new services
- regional European cooperation in the implementation of 5G
- 5G European cross-border projects, e.g. the system of driverless cars.
The National Institute of Telecommunications is the organiser of the session.
12.45-1.30 p.m. Lunch break – everyone is invited to food and drinks
1.30-2.30 p.m. Three simultaneous thematic sessions
Session 4 – The principles of liability of online intermediaries
Robert Kroplewski, Ministry of Digital Affairs
Anna Słoboda, TVN
Anna Mazgal, Centrum Cyfrowe
Katarzyna Szymielewicz, Panoptykon Foundation
Marcin Olender, from Google Poland, will be the discussion moderator.
For nearly 20 years, the principles that define the liability of online intermediaries have been one of the foundations of the Internet economy. In the USA, they are mainly codified in the DMCA, and in the EU in the Directive on eCommerce. They are a compromise solution which, on the one hand, has enabled development of innovative services, which are the basis of Web 2.0, and, on the other hand, give people whose rights (e.g. intellectual property or personality rights) are violated online a powerful tool to combat these violations.
These solutions are wrongly referred to as the “exclusions” of the liability of intermediaries. They are in fact a mechanism which, in return for prompt action according to the wishes of the authorised person, provides legal certainty for service providers.
This mechanism has been criticised since its creation. As a compromise solution, it did not satisfy practically anyone, but two groups of stakeholders in particular raised objections, starting with completely opposite assumptions and postulating exactly opposite changes.
Groups and organisations promoting civil rights, such as: access to knowledge and information, freedom of expression, and the right to education, argue that the current system leads to automatic removal of online content, as service providers have no incentive to resist the demands of those authorised. On the contrary – the lack of a quick response to a notification may have adverse legal consequences for the service provider, therefore they are willing to respond positively to all applications submitted. This may lead to the limitation of the access to information or freedom of expression, including artistic expression.
Quite the opposite arguments are put forward by entities benefiting commercially from intellectual property rights. They point out above all that the current system, which requires them to indicate the service provider of a particular infringing content, is inefficient given the scale of violations and the speed of the service providers' response. This is particularly important, e.g., in the case of live sports broadcasts. Moreover, they indicate that once taken down content appears elsewhere. They postulate that the notice and take-down system should be changed so that service providers are required to actively monitor the emerging content and block consecutive copies of the same material.
Currently, the issue of active role of intermediaries in identifying and combating the manifestations of hate speech and extremist propaganda appearing on their platforms is also widely discussed. On the one hand, there are opinions that the Internet is to be blamed for the growing wave of populism or extremism, and Internet operators should actively fight these phenomena. This approach was the basis of the act called NetzDG adopted in Germany. On the other hand, the importance of online platforms to citizens as a source of information and a platform for expressing views has been indicated. Excessive regulation in this area will lead to the creation of private preventive censorship and the restriction of civil liberties. This was the point of view of the originators of the amendment to the Polish Act on providing services by electronic means.
The European Commission is currently proposing changes to copyright, imposing greater obligations on Internet platforms, and presented a communication on combating illegal online content, and patronising self-regulatory efforts at the EU level.
Changes in the law, which are currently under consideration, can radically alter the conditions in which increasingly popular media services were created and developed. The recent rulings of Polish courts, such as in the case of Giertych, also call into question the “exclusion” of liability, or at least discourage pro-active attitudes of service providers, which seems to be an undesirable direction.
The panellists will present their views on the current state of affairs and will try to answer the question whether the proposed changes are necessary, and if so, how they should look like and whether they will produce the desired social and economic effects. Perhaps there will be completely alternative ideas, such as the use of the blockchain technology?
Google Poland is the organiser of the session.
Session 5 – From technology user to its creator – what skills Poles need today to succeed in the digital economy
Robert Król, Ministry of Digital Affairs
Agnieszka Skala, PhD, Warsaw University of Technology
Eliza Kruczkowska, Polish Development Fund
Marcin Nowacki, Union of Entrepreneurs and Employers
Julia Krysztofiak-Szopa, from the Startup Poland Foundation, will be the discussion moderator.
The goal of the workshop is to answer the question of what competence Poles need in order to become active participants of the digital economy. We offer three levels of reflection – the ability to use digital tools, the ability to create them, and the ability to use them for work or business development.
Poland is ranked 22nd out of 28 EU Member States in the European Commission's Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI). The results achieved by Poland are below the EU average and are improving at a slower rate than the EU average. Despite modest progress in some areas, such as Internet use or development of mobile broadband services, some of the indicators, such as the level of digital competence, still do not improve. According to the DESI, only 40% of Poles have basic digital skills.
The Digital Poland Project Centre estimates that around 12 million people in Poland do not use new technologies at all. As regards the integration of digital technology by enterprises (especially SMEs that are the pillar of the Polish economy), despite modest progress, Poland's results are below the EU average, and the process of digitisation of Polish enterprises is delayed.
According to the McKinsey's report, on average, Polish companies are digitised 34% less than Western European companies. Moreover, in spite of the growing start-up scene and huge engineering potential (among others, Poland's leading position in the world rankings of programmers' quality, 5th place in the EU in terms of the size of the developer community), Poles still prefer to carry out outsourced work rather than create their own products and companies.
The Startup Poland is the organiser of the session.
Session 6 – Digital transformation of services in the decentralised Internet. A case of financial services and new technologies
Albana Karapanco, Central European University
Kristóf Gyódi, University of Warsaw
Lorena Butusină, Reff & Associates SCA – member of Deloitte Legal
Magdalena Borowik, Ministry of Digital Affairs
Michał Świerczyński, Metis Finance – to be confirmed
Máté Mester, from ExplicoTech, will be the discussion moderator.
Nowadays, more and more financial institutions and companies, on the one hand, and financial services consumers, on the other hand, begin to use the Internet as a platform to develop their businesses. So far, they have been using Internet-based tools, especially decentralised structures, on ad hoc and dispersed basis, which posed a risk of disturbance of the balance between the interests of companies and consumers as they were shaped primarily by developers and large business players. Discussion on this topic is greatly needed not only to raise awareness of the importance of FinTech tools or to highlight their potential shortcomings. It is also necessary to discuss the different potential ways of shaping state policies with respect to FinTech and involve different stakeholder groups in them.
This panel discussion is to highlight the challenges that digitisation and new technologies present to traditional sectors, such as finance and financial services, in particular in Central and Eastern Europe. The following issues will be addressed during the session:
- the status of development of FinTech (including platforms for p2p lending, blockchain, virtual currencies, such as Bitcoin or Ethereum);
- the importance of FinTech for the countries of Central and Eastern Europe;
- current problems related to FinTech, including safety issues and the need for regulation;
- ways to increase knowledge of online financial technologies among consumers and, in general, Internet users in order to minimise irrational spending and overall investment risk;
- promotion of cooperation between Central European governments or stakeholders from industry to facilitate safe development of these new technologies.
The Scientific Association for Infocommunications, Hungary (HTE) is the organiser of the session.
2.45-3.30 p.m. Three simultaneous thematic sessions
Session 7 – Open data? Challenges for the non-governmental sector and business.
Magdalena Siwanowicz, ePaństwo Foundation
Arek Hajduk, Transpatent Data sp. z o.o
Anna Gos, Ministry of Digital Affairs
Krzysztof Izdebski, from the ePaństwo Foundation, will be the discussion moderator.
We propose a discussion panel with representatives of the ePaństwo Foundation, the TransparentData Sp. z o.o., and the Ministry of Digital Affairs on the use of public data from the point of view of NGOs and business.
The organisers want to devote the panel to discussion on the open data market and its barriers to NGOs and business. The conversation will cover the issues arising from the fact that the data opening system is being built on an island basis rather than in a centralised way. We will also exchange observations on the resistance of some public institutions to preparing and sharing data in appropriate formats.
We want to focus on the practical aspects of open data (also in the context of big data and the Single Digital Market) in the work of NGOs and business, with particular consideration for the problems related to making the data anonymous.
Sharing, trading and using data is one of the basic activities performed on the Internet. Given the importance of data for the competitiveness of the economy, the freedom to conduct research and freedom of expression, and a threat to the privacy of natural persons involved in data sharing – this issue is inextricably associated with the discussion on the Internet governance.
The ePaństwo Foundation is the organiser of the session.
Session 8 – Creators and users among online platforms and blockchains – the future of collective governance
Krzysztof Siewicz, Modern Poland Foundation
Anna Misiewicz, Polish Society of Authors ZAiKS
Wojciech Hardy, Faculty of Economic Sciences of the University of Warsaw
Marek Kościkiewicz, musician
Agnieszka Samitowska, Kayak
Natalia Mileszyk, from Centrum Cyfrowe, will be the discussion moderator.
The subject matter of the workshop will be the changes occurring in the relationships between creators and individual users, caused by the economic and technological processes taking place on the Internet. We want to talk about the role played here by Internet platforms and collective governance societies, going beyond the dominant narrative that focuses on financial flows. We intend to determine whether a positive scenario which allows taking into account interests of the creators, without introducing private censorship and tracking of users, is possible. We will discuss what should be the shape of copyright as a regulation that has a fundamental impact on who controls the digital circulation of culture and what new business models can develop. Is blockchain a panacea to the problems existing so far? Is a change of law the only way to meet all the challenges? How can collective governance organisations fulfil their tasks in the Internet business models?
During the workshop, we will discuss the points of view of various websites on copyright on the Internet. The result of the workshop will be the identification of the existing regulatory challenges, in the context of efforts to ensure respect for the rights of creators while preserving the openness of the Internet.
The Modern Poland Foundation is the organiser of the session.
Session 9 – How to use technology to develop digital society?
Dagmara Krzesińska, Coalition for Polish Innovations
Marlena Plebańska, University of Warsaw
Jarosław Lipszyc, Modern Poland Foundation
Grzegorz Zajączkowski, Digital Champion for Poland
Alek Tarkowski, from the Centrum Cyfrowe Foundation, is the discussion moderator.
The workshop will focus on the issue of digital competence as a key factor conditioning the use of digital technologies – and consequently, having influence on the economy and innovation, social engagement and individual development opportunities. We will discuss competences needed to understand the role of algorithms, to fight fake news, or to build the internet of things. During the workshop, we want to look at competence from a cross-cutting and broad perspective, without focusing solely on e-inclusion of non-Internet users or improvement of basic competence. We also want to ask how to develop the most advanced competence, enabling creative and innovative use of digital technologies, in the Polish society. We will ask whether it is possible to systematically support development of digital competence and what role should the educational system play? Or should we assume that the key competences will be acquired individually, outside of the education system? The result of the discussion will be recommendations regarding the strategy for development of digital competence as a factor not only equalising inequality in the use but also supporting development and innovation.The result of the discussion will be recommendations regarding the strategy for development of digital competence as a factor not only equalising inequality in the use but also supporting development and innovation.
The Centrum Cyfrowe Foundation is the organiser of the session.
3.30-3.45 p.m. Coffee break
3.45-4.45 p.m. Three simultaneous thematic sessions
Session 10 – Accessible, friendly and secure digital education – challenges and opportunities
prof. Marek Konopczyński, University of Bialystok
dr. Rafał Lange, NASK
Esmeralda Moscatelli, IFLA
Piotr Chojnacki, No. 2 Technical High School at the Electrical Engineering School Complex in Zduńska Wola
Introduction to the discussion and opinion poll among the audience will be conducted by Agnieszka Wrońska, NASK.
The discussion will be moderated by Marcin Bochenek, NASK.
Research of the Research and Academic Computer Network (NASK) brings important observations to the ongoing public discussion on educational and sociological challenges. Therefore, we want to initiate a broader public debate that will help to develop relevant recommendations for educational and information activities in this area. The NASK research shows that today's teenagers, for whom the Internet has “always” been there, treat it as a basic communication tool. For teenagers, Internet applications, such as instant messaging and social networking, replace phone calls, expand and change forms of interaction.
The Internet has also become a convenient tool, commonly used by teenagers in the learning process. 79.7 per cent of respondents use the network constantly (every day or several times a week) to do homework, 64.8 per cent to expand the knowledge useful at school, 45.7 per cent to prepare for tests. Unfortunately, young people not always know where to look for reliable knowledge and valuable materials that complement school education.
Such a diagnosis, which also includes cyber threats to the youngest users, will be the starting point for the exchange of views between experts and the audience on the challenges of building a friendly and secure Internet and development of digital education.
The NASK is the organiser of the session.
Session 11 – Does combating cybercrime have to lead to the loss of privacy?
Pavel Bašta, CZ.NIC
Milan Zubicek, Google Poland
Tomasz Pawlicki, National Police Headquarters
Janusz A. Urbanowicz, National Cybersecurity Centre
Introduction to the discussion will be done by Martyna Różycka, Dyżurnet.pl, NASK
The discussion will be moderated by Joanna Sosnowska.
Participants in the debate will be asked whether it is possible to reconcile the demands of privacy and openness on the Internet with the elusiveness of Internet events and subsequent need for analyzing them in order to address Internet threats - cybercrime, cyberterrorism, cyberbullying or pedophilia. We want to work together with experts specializing in various aspects of the network functioning to think how to contribute to the balance of the Internet, based on openness, freedom and security and how to reconcile the responsibilities of law enforcement with the respect for privacy. We will also consider the various dimensions of the conflicts between privacy and modern online marketing based - similarity to cyber threat protection – no gathering information about network users’ activity.
Session 12 – The value of privacy online: implications of the General Data Protection Regulation from the economic point of view
Ioana Stupariu, ExplicoTech
Michał Paliński, DELab, University of Warsaw
Joanna Mazur, from the DELab, University of Warsaw, will be the discussion moderator.
The subject of the workshop are the changes introduced in the protection of personal data by the General Data Protection Regulation and their economic consequences. The introduction to the legal dimension of the discussion will be made by I. Stupariu, attorney and researcher of personal data protection and privacy protection, representing ExplicoTech, a consulting organisation based in Budapest.
During the workshop, an attempt will be made to present the reform mainly from the point of view of business and consumers. The results of the pilot study conducted by M. Sobolewski and M. Paliński, economists from the DELab UW team, will be the basis for discussion. J. Mazur, who cooperated on the above project, will provide support from the legal perspective of the described study. A shortened version of the survey used as a tool during the study will be presented to the workshop participants. This will allow a nuanced look on (theoretically) conflicting interests of business and consumers, and will provide a starting point for a broader discussion on the Regulation coming into effect on 25 May 2018 and its consequences.
The DELab, University of Warsaw, is the organiser of the session.